Modern mansions are rarely built in a one-story design. Two-story buildings are popular. In tall buildings, a staircase serves as a lift between floors. It must be made strong and stable. Also plays a decorative function in the design of the room. We will talk about how to calculate a ladder and how to make a ladder with your own hands.
If you are ready to work, have enough time, then read the information and you can start working. A ladder with your own hands will cost less than installation by professional designers. You will save part of the family budget. If you have no desire to carry out repairs, you can order the service to build a turnkey house .
Read all about DIY staircases . Decide on the type of construction (screw, marching).
It is necessary to calculate the stairs , to a staircase in the house with his hands perfectly fit into the overall look of the room, it was a reliable, secure.
To understand how to make a staircase to the second floor in a private house , decide on the style, focusing on the design of the room. The modern interior presupposes restraint and practicality. Designs with clear geometric shapes are in trend.
In small buildings, it is necessary to correctly decide how to make a staircase to the second floor if there is not enough space.
The staircase to the second floor with your own hands can be spiral, swivel, straight. It is more comfortable to climb stairs with a large opening. In a small room, you will have to increase the slope or make the march longer.
Before making a staircase to the second floor , you need to pick up materials. A variety of products from home improvement stores will allow you to make a design in a suitable style. When choosing products, you need to focus on strength, durability, and appearance.
Valuable and simple types of wood are used for wooden construction. Strong, durable – oak, beech, walnut, ash. The finished product is varnished. Suitable for American style, country. Looks aesthetically pleasing. It will last for many years.
Do-it-yourself wooden ladder is a great opportunity to master the art of carpentry. Wood is easy to work with. The lightest option is a single-flight design with two bowstrings.
The path to the attic should be safe for human movement, comfortable. Before making a staircase to the attic from the street , check out the types of staircase structures.
We will show you how to make a staircase to an attic made of wood. First you need to make a drawing, calculate the dimensions, purchase material. For steps, boards with a width of 3 – 6 cm are suitable. A 6 cm beam with a section of 14 – 30 cm will be needed for kosour. Guided by the finished drawing, mark the stringers. Cut out the teeth, insert the steps, secure with self-tapping screws.
For the railing, you will need rails and a beam, 5 – 10 cm wide. They must coincide with the line of the stringer. Height of the handrail in the area of one meter The distance between the balusters is from 10 cm. At the end of the work, treat the wood with a solution against decay. Cover with varnish, paint.
We will give an example of how to calculate the stairs to the second floor inside a private house. The exact dimensions are determined individually for each object. The recommended width is 130 cm. Plus or minus 20 cm. The width of 150 cm will provide a decent level of comfort for residents and guests of a private house. 120 cm are standard parameters. The minimum width is 110 cm. For a marching structure along the wall, 80 cm – 1m can be used.
The steepness of the structure determines the comfort of movement between floors. The flat shape makes the movement as convenient as possible. But excessive flatness takes up more area. A steep slope will save space. But it will create difficulties for the elderly, children, people with problems of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, it is optimal to calculate a staircase with an inclination angle of 40 degrees. With a steepness of more than 45 degrees, the usual descent is inconvenient. You can go down only facing the stairs.
Kosour serves as a bearing support for the steps. Tilted mounting. The length of the march depends on the angle of inclination. In order for the structure to be strong, it is important to correctly calculate the metal stringer of the stairs .
Span height – the distance from the floor of the lower floor to the floor of the upper (not the ceiling). A clearance is made over the structure for ease of movement. When calculating the height, the growth rates of the tallest family member are taken, plus 10 cm.The recommended working height is 2 m.
The design with the letter G consists of two marches. They are connected by a platform. Placed at right angles. Use
Used in large rooms. Provide an easy-to-move tilt angle.
The calculation of a staircase with a turn of 90 degrees with a platform is a doable task. If the calculations are made correctly, the design will be convenient and comfortable. Compliance with the rules will ensure safe operation.
X is the length of the opening;
Y is the height between floors (from floor to floor);
Z is the thickness of the material of the steps;
E is the width of the structure;
Photo @nsdgroup.com.ua_: Stairs at a right angle
The design of the letter P consists of two parallel spans. They are connected by a platform for turning. Convenient for small spaces. When calculating a staircase with a 180 turn, it is necessary to select parameters that contribute to a comfortable movement without disturbing the usual rhythm of a step. It is recommended to make the step width of at least 14 cm in the narrowest section. Construction operations and calculations are carried out according to the L-shaped turn scheme.
Photo @nsdgroup.com.ua_: Sketch of the stairs
Accurate calculation of the ladder with the platform is a guarantee of safe movement. The length of the platform should exceed the distance of two steps, more than 1.4 m. Width – correspond to the parameters of the flight of stairs.
Consider how a wooden staircase with a do-it-yourself platform is assembled.
Wooden elements bring comfort and coziness to the home. With their help, you can implement interesting design solutions. Perform different design options.
The first step is to determine the type of construction. Separate the installation area. Take measurements between floors, the perimeter of the staircase. The type of product depends on these indicators.
The calculation of a wooden staircase allows you to determine the number of steps, rises, angle of inclination, length. Depends on the appearance of the product, features. The drawings will show the final appearance of the product.
Photo @nsdgroup.com.ua_: Internal staircase
The metal structure is robust, durable, unpretentious in operation. Calculation of a metal staircase is the basis of the project. It is difficult to do quality work without it. When making calculations, it is necessary to take into account the height of the floor, the volume of the separated space for the installation of the structure, the purpose of use, the expected load, the angle of rise. You need to carefully consider all the details:
Consider all the nuances to make the design durable. Effectively served as a moving element for decades.
When calculating a spiral staircase , be guided by the main criteria – functionality, reliability, beauty. The length of the steps is from 80 cm. The width of the step in the center is from 20 cm. At the widest point, no more than 40 cm. When calculating, take into account the number of marches, the shape of the steps, and the length. The structure can be made of wood, metal, combined. When creating a project, consider:
The concrete structure is resistant to increased loads. Does not loosen during operation, does not creak. Not subject to combustion.
The weight of the structure can be up to 2.5 tons. Stone trim will make the product even heavier. Before installation, you need to think about the structure of the base. The erection begins with the assembly of the formwork. This is followed by installation, binding of fittings, filling. Marshes can be given any configuration.
You can do the calculation of a concrete staircase yourself or entrust it to professionals. The optimum tilt angle is 35 degrees. Limit maximum 45 degrees. The smaller the angle, the greater the consumption of building materials. Width 0.8 – 0.9 m.The standard height of the steps is 17 cm.
Now let’s figure out how to make steps . The risers are placed in the openings of the kosour. Then the steps are installed. When calculating the width, focus on shoe size 45. The recommended parameters are 28 cm. With deviations of 2 cm. The same value is taken for the riser. This design is convenient for an adult and small children. The minimum width is 10 cm. But moving along such narrow ones can provoke injury.
The calculation of the number of stair steps depends on the height of the structure and the height of the riser. It is better to make them odd, of the same width and height. The optimal distance between adjacent steps is 15 cm.
Photo @nsdgroup.com.ua_: Drawing of fastening of handrails for stairs
The railings provide ease of movement. Protect people from falling down. Serve as a support during the ascent. There are curly wooden, flat, carved, forged, steel elements. They should be combined with the appearance of the stringers and steps.
It remains to figure out how to make handrails for the stairs with your own hands . Supports with balusters require accurate marking. Railings are mounted in two ways:
Installation can be done with nails, screws, dowels, bolts, glue. It is recommended to maintain a distance of 60 cm between the posts. The optimal height of the railing is up to 1 m. At least 90 cm. The space between the balusters must be filled. The handrails should be smooth and even.
Wooden balusters come in different sizes. Installed at the top and bottom of the structure. Connected by pillars. Before fixing the railing for the stairs, it is necessary to process the handrails, balusters. Sand and varnish. Drill axial holes with a drill. Grind the rail and grooves in the handrails with a milling machine. Screw the rail to the balusters, put on the handrail. The ends of the handrail should be in close contact with the posts.